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Folk costumes of Nerezine

TRADITIONAL COSTUMES - NEREZINSKA NOSNJA

 

          The folk costumes of Nerezine are similar to those of Punta Križa and Sveti Jakov on Lošinj island.

          Men’s folk costumes stopped being worn at the beginning of the 20th century, while the female folk costumes stopped being worn somewhat later, between two world wars.

          Men wore white shirts over which dark, cloth vest called “vardakuol” was worn, as well as a short cloth jacket called “dolamica”, which was also dark-colored. On their feet they wore “brageše”, knee-length cloth trousers with a larger slot which were decorated with small green bouquets around the pockets and on the knees. They tucked their trousers into “kalcune”, knitted white or dark blue socks, over which they wore “postoli”, leather shoes. They had a “berita” on their heads, a dark cloth hat. Small bouquets where sewn on its back.

 

          It was said that a woman was “obalčena na kas”, in other words, dressed in a waistcoat, or that she was “obalčena pod nerezinsku” - dressed in the Nerezine way. The first expression means that a skirt with a sewn waistcoat called “kasom” is a part of the women’s folk costume from Nerezine, while the second expression means that the town Nerezine influenced the mentioned micro-region.

          Women wore white shirts, called “košuja”, without “kolet”, a collar. They wore “muduande”, white underpants made of white canvas with “špak”, a slot in the middle and “šodnji kamožot”, an underskirt with a sewn waistcoat with bracelets which are decorated with “mijerlići”, lace at the bottom. Above the “šodnji”, the under “kamižot”, they wore “guronji”, the upper “kamižot” - it is a dress, equally cut, but in dark colors - “čarna”, black or “blavitana”, blue. The waistcoat of the “guornji kamižot” was usually made of velour, while the skirt was made of tibet, a thin woolen fabric which was richly pleated - “napijetuana”.  Above the shirt they wore a vest - “vardakuol” and a “dolamica”, a short, dark jacket, lined with decorative silk ribbons called “parhalama”. The apron or “travijersa” was silken and dark with small patterns: dots or flowers. The “facuol”, or the kerchief which girls from Nerezine or Punta wore on their heads was also made of silk and it was also mostly darker in color. On their feet they wore knitted woollen socks, “kalcete” and leather “postoli”, shoes which were tied on the calf with a decorative ribbon. 

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